American Trade & Manufacturing Blog

Tag Archives: Trade Negotiations

USTR Releases 2017 National Trade Estimate Report

Posted in Manufacturing, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) today released its 2017 National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers (NTE).  USTR publishes the NTE annually to provide the President and Congress with “an inventory of the most important foreign barriers affecting U.S. exports of goods and services, foreign direct investment by U.S. Persons, and… Continue Reading

The Trump Administration’s First Trade Policy Agenda: A New “Economic Nationalism”?

Posted in Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, World Trade Organization
On March 1, 2017, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (“USTR”) published a truncated version of the new Administration’s trade policy agenda for the coming year.  The agenda’s objectives are stated in broad terms, and the document suggests that a more detailed agenda will be forthcoming once the Senate confirms the Trump Administration’s… Continue Reading

Could Section 301 Return to Prominence?

Posted in Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization
Of the policy questions related to the incoming Trump Administration, one of the most compelling is whether the new President will revive Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 as a major component of U.S. trade policy.  Mr. Trump’s call to “direct all appropriate agencies to use every tool under American and international law… Continue Reading

U.S. G20 Fact Sheet: Mixed Signals on Industrial Overcapacity

Posted in Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, World Trade Organization
On September 5, 2016, the White House issued a Fact Sheet summarizing outcomes from the recent G20 summit in Hangzhou, China.  On the issue of overcapacity, the Fact Sheet incorporates language promoted by China leading up to the summit, characterizing “excess capacity in steel and other industries” as “a global issue that requires a collective… Continue Reading

China Absent from Statement on Steel Overcapacity

Posted in Manufacturing, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, Trade Remedies
On April 18th and 19th, leaders from some of the world’s major steel producing countries met in Brussels to discuss the overcapacity problem that is wreaking havoc on the global steel industry. Last night, the governments of Canada, the European Union, Japan, Mexico, Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States issued a statement agreeing, among… Continue Reading

WTO Panel Strikes Down India’s Domestic Content Requirements on Solar Cells and Modules

Posted in Manufacturing, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, World Trade Organization
A World Trade Organization Panel today issued a report finding that Indian domestic content requirements covering solar cells and modules used by solar power generators violate Article III:4 of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and Article 2.1 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures. This is a notable victory for the United… Continue Reading

China’s WTO Subsidy Notifications – The Drama Continues

Posted in Dumping and Subsidies, Manufacturing, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Policy, Trade Remedies, World Trade Organization
In a World Trade Organization (WTO) submission filed on January 28, the United States once again took issue with the substance of China’s subsidy notifications to the WTO.  The WTO’s  Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM Agreement) requires WTO Members to provide annual notifications of any subsidy programs in a manner that is “sufficiently specific… Continue Reading

Evaluating the Trans-Pacific Partnership Trade Agreement

Posted in TPA, TPP, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade agreement has been available for more than a month now. While analysts are still sorting through the 30 chapters and more than 100 side letters, many are now weighing in with assessments of the agreement, including whether U.S. industries–and the public–will benefit or lose as a result. For instance,… Continue Reading

Congress Moves Forward on ENFORCE Trade Evasion Legislation

Posted in Dumping and Subsidies, Manufacturing, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Policy, Uncategorized, World Trade Organization
  Congress took an important step toward strengthening U.S. trade law enforcement by moving forward a conference report on the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (H.R. 644), which includes the Enforcing Orders and Reducing Customs Evasion (ENFORCE) Act. ENFORCE addresses the serious and growing problem of evasion of antidumping and countervailing duties.… Continue Reading

China’s SOE Reform Plan Will Strengthen the Hand of the State

Posted in Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
The state-owned enterprise (SOE) reform plan issued recently by China’s State Council and Communist Party leadership has elicited mixed reactions. The consensus seems to be that this most recent proposal is little more than a reiteration of the same contradictory measures that have been in place for more than a decade, which largely failed to… Continue Reading

China Emphasizes Political Objectives Over Market Principles in New Statements on SOE Reform

Posted in Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, World Trade Organization
Large portions of China’s economy are dominated by state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and financial institutions that do not operate on the basis of market competition.  Recent official pronouncements make clear that any reforms that may occur in the Chinese economy during the Xi Jinping era will not include relinquishing government control over these SOEs. A widely… Continue Reading

As Chief Negotiators Meet, Assessing TPP and Other Free Trade Agreements

Posted in TPA, TPP, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
With chief negotiators for 12 nations meeting in Hawaii this week to try and finalize the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, trade experts and lawmakers are watching to see if the largest-ever U.S. free trade agreement will be concluded. But a more important question will remain—is TPP a good free trade agreement (FTA)? Free trade agreements… Continue Reading

President Obama Signs Into Law Trade Promotion Authority, Including Significant New Changes to Strengthen U.S. Trade Remedy Laws

Posted in TPA, TPP, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, Trade Remedies
Today, June 29, 2015, President Obama signed into law trade promotion authority (TPA), giving his administration the ability to negotiate international trade agreements subject to approval by Congress without amendment.  This is the first time TPA, which last expired in 2007, has been approved for the Obama Administration. The White House announcement is here. Today’s… Continue Reading

TPA Bill Fails to Advance In Senate

Posted in Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
Legislation to provide President Obama with Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) encountered a setback on Tuesday, when the U.S. Senate voted down a procedural measure that would have permitted the Senate to bypass lengthy further debate on the bill.  The bill, the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 (“TPA Bill”), would provide so-called… Continue Reading

Senate Finance, House Ways and Means Committee Leaders Introduce Long-Awaited Trade Promotion Authority Legislation

Posted in Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
After months of negotiation, Senate Finance Committee and House Ways and Means Committee leaders introduced a bill to grant President Obama Trade Promotion Authority.  The introduction of the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 earned statements of support from President Obama, United States Trade Representative Michael Froman, and Secretary of Commerce Penny… Continue Reading

United States Asks WTO to Examine “Pervasive” AD/CVD Duty Evasion

Posted in Dumping and Subsidies, Manufacturing, TPA, TPP, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Policy, Uncategorized, World Trade Organization
The United States took another step this week to turn up the heat on companies who evade antidumping and countervailing duties, by asking a World Trade Organization committee to investigate the growing problem of antidumping duty “evasion services.” In a March 16 submission to the WTO Committee on Anti-Dumping Practices Informal Group on Anti-Circumvention, the… Continue Reading

Trans-Pacific Partnership Complicates Trade Promotion Authority Debate

Posted in Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy
The confluence of the debate over trade promotion authority (TPA) and the “end game” of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations has complicated President Obama’s objective of getting a bi-partisan TPA bill through Congress.  In his 2015 State of the Union address, President Obama emphasized TPA, or “fast track” legislation, as one of his Administration’s trade… Continue Reading

Using Stronger Trade Laws to Build Support for TPA, TPP

Posted in Dumping and Subsidies, TPA, TPP, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, World Trade Organization
The Obama Administration and Congress have what many experts view as a critically important opportunity to create jobs, expand trade and manufacturing, and improve the global rules of international trade.  This opportunity comes by way of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade negotiations, which are now drawing to a close.  If approved, TPP would be… Continue Reading

Trains, Chips, and Servers: China Moves to Corner the IT Market

Posted in Manufacturing, Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Negotiations, Trade Policy, World Trade Organization
The China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) has issued a plan calling for “sinification” of the Chinese banking industry’s IT infrastructure, including computers, network equipment, data storage equipment, security devices, software, and other items. The plan would require that 75 percent of this IT infrastructure be Chinese-sourced by 2019.  While this state-mandated shift to domestic products… Continue Reading

Parties Find Challenges in Negotiating the Information Technology Agreement

Posted in Trade Agreement Compliance, Trade Policy
An understanding between the United States and China at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit in November has allowed formal negotiations among all parties to the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) to go forward.  The renewed negotiations, which began on December 4 in Geneva, have drawn enthusiasm from interest groups seeking to benefit from tariff… Continue Reading

United States and China Reach Agreement on Climate and IT Trade

Posted in CFIUS
At the APEC leaders meeting in Beijing on November 10-11, Presidents Obama and Xi Jinping announced that the United States and China had reached an “understanding” that would allow stalled negotiations to expand the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) to proceed.  The two leaders also announced an agreement regarding emissions reductions, pursuant to which the United… Continue Reading
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